A

Aisle

A walkway between sections of seats.

Apse

An area of the church were the wall is curved.

Arcade

Multiple arches in a row, supported by pillars, columns, or a covered walkway.

Arch

A curved opening to a building that can also be found above a doors or windows.

B

Balcony

A platform enclosed by a railing or wall on the outside of the building.

Balustrade

A railing supported by balusters, most likely found on a terrace, balcony, or bridge.

Baroque

A style of architecture of the Baroque era that focused on shadow and light.

Bas-relief

A sculpture or carving where the figures are raised a couple of inches from the background to give it the 3D effect.

Blind Arch

An arch in the wall that is filled in and can’t be used as a door or a window.

Broken Pediment

A pediment where the triangular triangular shape is not continuous and open at the top, without a point.

Buttress

A important support coming out of the wall from the face of a wall used to strengthen the wall and support the roof.

C

Cinquefoil

A decorative symbol of five interconnected shapes.

Chancel

A certain part of the church near the altar that is reserved for the choir or the priest.

Crenellation

A pattern on the top of a fortified wall use to the soldiers to shoot and protect themselves.

D

Dome

A rounded vault making the roof of a building that usually has a circular base.

E

Entablature

The horizontal part in original architecture the rests on the top of the columns.

F

Facade

The front of a building which is the most often the most important part of the design.

Frieze

The wide central part of an entablature.

G

Gargoyle

A stone figure that sits on a building usually in shape of a monster or a animal and it said to protect the building it is on.

Gothic

An architecture style that was popular during the High and Late Middle Ages that features pointed arches, the ribbed vault, and the flying buttress.

K

Keystone

A compact shaped stone at the top of an arch that allows the arch to keep the weight.

L

Lancet

A tall and narrow window with a pointed arch at the top.

M

Mosaic

A picture or created pattern by arranging together tiny pieces of stones, tiles, and glass.

N

Niche

An indented hole in a wall usually to display a statue.

P

Pediment

A gable, or triangular shape put above a horizontal structure, usually helped by column.

Q

Quatrefoil

A decorative symbol of four interconnected shapes.

R

Renaissance 

An architecture style that began in Italy and features elements of the ancient Greek and Roman culture.

Romanesque

An architecture style of medieval that features semicircular arches.

S

Spire

A steeply pointed pyramid structure on the top of the building.

T

Trefoil

A decorative symbol of three interconnected and overlapping rings or shapes.

V

Vaulted Ceiling

A pitched roof that can have a single sloping side, a curved slope, or unequally pitched sides.

Volute

A scroll like decoration which is often found on the top of the columns.
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