The Adam Mickiewicz monument was built in honor of the famous Polish poet, Adam Mickiewicz. The statue was designed by Teodor Rygier and is located in Krakow’s Main Square. Although the statue is an important part of Krakow today, Adam Mickiewicz never actually visited Krakow until after his death, when his body was brought to the Wawel Cathedral.

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Adam Mickiewicz

Adam Bernard Mickiewicz was a famous Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist. Adam Mickiewicz was born on December 24, 1798 and died November 26, 1855.  When he was only 14 years old, Adam Mickiewicz married Celina Szymanowska. Together, they had their first child in 1835, and in all they had 6 children; 4 sons, Wladyslaw, Jan, Aleksander and Józef, and 2 daughters, Maria and Helena. Adam Mickiewicz is most famous as a writer, and he wrote some of the most famous Polish books, like Pan Tadeusz, Dziady, and Grażyna.

The Adam Mickiewicz Monument

The Adam Mickiewicz Monument was designed by Teodor Rygier who won a competition sponsored by the city of Krakow to design a tribute to the great poet.  Rygier beat over 60 other artists in the competition, including Jan Matejko, a really famous Polish artist. The statue is about 10 meters tall and is made out of bronze.  The monument is located in the Krakow Main Square (Rynek Główny), between the Sukiennice and St. Mary’s Church. The Monument was first shown to the public in 1898 on the 16th of June. Sadly in 1940, the statue was destroyed by the Nazis in the German invasion of Poland, but then later restored in 1955.  The statue has 4 allegorical figures, each representing something different. Featured on the North side of the statue is an old man with a book and a child, representing science. Featured on the East side of the statue is a woman with a crown representing homeland. Featured on the South side of the statue is a young woman with a guitar and a child representing poetry. Lastly, featured on the West side of the statue is a young man with a sword and shield representing valor.

The Adam Mickiewicz Monument in front of the Sukiennice
Allegorical figure representing Homeland
Allegorical figure representing Poetry
Allegorical figure representing Valor
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